Yao Ethnic People

Last Update: 2008-3-21; By lavender0108

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Yao lady is combing her long hair in Longsheng
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The Yao nationality in Guangxi has a population of 1,486,000 by the end of the year 2001, accounting for 3.12% of the total population of the autonomous region, ranking the third among all nationalities in Guangxi in terms of population. People of Yao nationality are scattered in 69 counties of the 87 counties in Guangxi. They mainly live together in the six Yao autonomous counties, namely, Du’an, Bama, Jinxiu, Fuchuan, Dahua and Gongcheng. The rest are scattered in the following counties: Hezhou, Lingyun, Tianlin, Nandan, Quanzhou, and Longsheng, etc. The Yao nationality is mostly distributed in mountain areas and has developed the characteristic of "scattering in wide area while concentration in narrow area" due to long-term variance. The language family of the Yao nationality is rather complicated. It belongs to the Miao-Yao language branch of Han-Tibetan language family. People of Yao nationality generally speak the Han language as well in spite of various dialects caused by geographical difference among various regions. The language that Yao nationality speaks has no written form. With the concern and help from the Communist Party of China and the central government, a written language for Yao ethnic group is finally created and has been currently put into practice for trial. The Yao nationality has many self names and other names due to different characteristics in the mode of production, housing and clothing, etc. There are more than 20 sub-ethnic groups within Yao nationality, such as Pan Yao, Chashan Yao, Shanzi Yao, Aoyao, Hualan Yao, Baiku Yao, etc. After the founding of the People's Republic of China, all the sub-ethnic groups of Yao nationality get a unified name-Yao Nationality.

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