More on Chinese History

Last Update: 2008-3-13; By chinatravelservice

Edition History Edit Introduction:

China Facts
View 0 photos, or upload your photo.

Origin of the Title "Huang Di"

"Huang Di", a title addressed by people in ancient times, was originated from "San Huang and Wu Di" which means three emperors and five monarchs. The three emperors refer to the Emperor of Heaven, Emperor of Earth, and Emperor of Human Being. They are three leading figures in ancient legend. "Di" in "Five Di" here refers to the dominator of everything in the universe. He has supreme power and is called Tian Di, one of the five monarchs mentioned above. Later there happened the chaos of war among different countries who honored themselves respectively as Xi Di (Monarch in the West), Dong Di (Monarch in the East), Zhong Di (Monarch in the Middle), and Bei Di (Monarch in the North). Therefore the title "Di" in the legend came to the world, and became a divine address of king. Some people say "Di" refer to Huang Di, Yan Di and Chi Yao.

When Ying Zheng, the founder of Qin Dynasty, unified the whole country, he considered himself to be one who made larger contribution than "San Huang and Wu Di", the three emperors and five monarchs, and thus honored himself with a combined title of "Hung and Di", namely, Huang Di. After that, the emperor of each dynasty is addressed Hung Di.

The Color of Yellow and Emperor

People in ancient times advocated yellow color because in their eyes it was the symbol of imperial power. In fact, the idea was originated from the philosophy of worshipping earth by people living on agriculture. According to the traditional School of yin and yang, the color of yellow stands for earth, one of the five elements in the philosophy. Since this kind of earth is the very earth at the center of the universe, it is receives the most respect and honor.

Huang Di and the Number "nine"

In ancient China, the number "nine" is the summit of Yang numbers. In other words, "nine" is the largest number among singulars. There "9" is often connected to emperors and the things related to them. For instance, the title or position of emperor is Jiu Wu (referring to Chinese characters "九五" and "Jiu" in Chinese means nine).

Other instances of relating number "nine" (whose Chinese pronunciation is "Jiu") with imperial power include: Bronze ware is called Jiu Ding; there are nine ministers around the emperor; there was the Nine Grade Official Ranks; the Forbidden City has 9999 and a half rooms; Tiananmen Square Turret is nine-room in width and length; the doornails on the door of Forbidden City, Imperial Garden, and Xanadu palace are all 81 in number, the result of nine multiplying nine in mathematics.

Moreover, when there were large scale celebrations on the birthday of the emperor, there must be 99 kinds of performance, such as acrobatics and lantern show, etc. from this sense the 99 performances were called ‘Nine-nine Grand Celebration". The number of tribute to imperial officials on their birthday parties or during Spring Festival is also counted by nine. But for the average people, including nobles or land lords, their daily necessities are of course should never be counted with number "nine".

5 people have added this page to their favorites. Click here to add this page to your favorites.

Help us improve our web site by Editing This Article.

Topics about More on Chinese History

Topics Topics
Contribute a New Article


There are 0 questions about More on Chinese History:

    i want to comment




Become our volunteers

Adervertising With Us!

|About Us |Site Map |Contact Us |FAQ|Copyright | Terms & Conditions | Privacy Policy |

| Links & Resources | Advertising With Us | China Travel Tools |